Women are dressed in red saree, red tika on their head, and various ornaments. This festival is celebrated for three days through prayer, songs, and dance. It is said that 40 of his close followers let fear get the best of them and ran away, but they later repented and joined the Guru at Muktsar. Find the perfect Maghi Festival Celebrations In Nepal stock photos and editorial news pictures from Getty Images. All the family members come together and have a big feast for this festival. Cows are decorated for the occasion and taken on a procession. Mubarak ho aapko Makar-Sankranti. The fourth day is called Mukkanuma which is popular among the non-vegetarians of the society. Naturally, the largest gathering is at Muktsar where an annual fair is held. Another legend has it that a certain king of Kumaon had a minister called 'Ghughutiya' who once conspired to kill him. Guru Gobind Singh meanwhile declared that he would be succeeded not by a person, but by the Sikh holy book, Guru Granth Sahib, the writings of the ten Gurus of Sikhism. It is traditional to eat "kheer", rice cooked in milk and sugarcane juice. Besides the usual rituals, people of Orissa, especially Western and Southern Orissa, reaffirm the strength of the bond of friendship with their best friends during this occasion. In Gujarat, from December through to Makar Sankranti, people start enjoying Uttarayan. It is distinctly associated with the worship of Lord Shiva. It is said that the practice of making offerings of sweetmeats to crows started from this day in Kumaon. Over three hundred years ago the tenth and last (human) Guru of the Sikhs led his army in an historic battle against the Mughal Emperor. and some other sweets of coconut called Laru or Laskara. Kanuma is very intimate to the hearts of farmers because it is the day for praying and showcasing their cattle with honor. Married women invite friends/family members and celebrate Haldi-Kunku. In the daytime people visit their neighbours and together enjoy khichdi with ghee and chaas and give it in charity at temples. Orissa Post talks to some women about their experiences when they tied the friendship knot on Makar Sankranti. The Guru died less than three years later, but outlived his nemesis, the Sultan Aurangzeb. And khichurhi or rice is offered to the God as Bhog (ভোগ). On 14 January, it is celebrated as Makar Sankranti or Til Sankrant or Sankrant or Khichdi (in local dialects).  On this occasion the sky in Jaipur and Hadoti regions is filled with kites, and youngsters engage in contests trying to cut each other's strings.. Generally makar sankranti falls on 14 January, and is called Makar Sankranti or other names in the Indian subcontinent. Further, the Sun makes its northward journey on the day after winter solstice when day light increases. Tharus (ethnic group living in south Nepal) celebrate Maghi as the New Year and of course part of the festival is worshiping, drinking, eating and dancing. The second day is Makara Sankranti.  On this day, people also give 'khichdi' (a dish made by mixing pulses and rice) in charity, take ceremonial dips in holy rivers, participate in Uttarayani fairs and celebrate the festival of Ghughutia or Kale Kauva.  At this event, then they say a prayer to the sun and bathe at the Prayaga confluence of the River Ganga and River Yamuna at the Kumbha Mela, a tradition attributed to Adi Shankaracharya. Then, new boiled rice is offered to the Sun god during sunrise, as a prayer which symbolises thanks to the sun for providing prosperity. Maghi is the occassion when Sikhs commemorate the sacrifice of forty Sikhs, who fought for Guru Gobindh Singh Ji. They call this festival maghi. This ritual is common in rural Karnataka and is called "Kichchu Haayisuvudu." On this day, parents sending sweet dishes to their daughters.. The site became known as Muktsar, the “tank of salvation.”. It started as a farmers festival, called as Uzhavar Thirunaal in Tamil. While exchanging til-gul as tokens of goodwill people greet each other with the words "तिळगुळ घ्या, आणि गोड-गोड बोला / til-gul ghyaa, aani goad-goad bolaa" meaning ‘Accept this til-gul (sweet) and utter sweet words’. , Makara Sankranti is set by the solar cycle of the Hindu lunisolar calendar, and is observed on a day which usually falls on 14 January of the Gregorian calendar, but sometimes on 15 January. The festival is a harbinger of longer and relatively warmer days in comparison to the cold month of Poush. Quite informative .. The festive meal is traditionally made by women in groups. Down south, in Madurai, Maghi Purnima is celebrated with a spectacular festival where the statues of Meenakshi and her consort Sundeshwara are mounted on floats amidst a grand procession.  If they cannot go in river then they bathe at home. Makara or Makar Sankranti is celebrated in many parts of the Indian subcontinent with some regional variations. , The festivities associated with Makar Sankranti are known by various names, such as Maghe Sankranti in Nepal, Magh Bihu in Assam, Maghi (preceded by Lohri) in Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh, popular amongst both the Hindus and Sikhs, Sukarat in central India, Thai Pongal in Tamil Nadu, Ghughuti in Uttarakhand or simply as 'Makara Sankranti' in Odisha, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Goa, Andhra Pradesh (also called Pedda Pandaga), Telangana, West Bengal (also called Poush Sankranti) and Uttar Pradesh (also called Khichdi Sankranti), Makara Sankranti is observed with social festivities such as colorful decorations, rural children going house to house, singing and asking for treats in some areas (or pocket money), melas (fairs), dances, kite flying, bonfires and feasts. Hence this day marks the start of the month of Magha. In North America Sikhs have been mistaken for Muslims because of their tradition dress, turban, and beards, in the wake of the 9/11 attacks. Guru Gobind Singh post-humously forgave the former deserters and granted them eternal Chali Mukte–liberation from the cycle of death and rebirth and all human suffering. At night a special khichdi is made and served with its four traditional companions, "char yaar" (four friends) – chokha (roasted vegetable especially mashed potato or brinjal), papad, ghee and achaar. People give out many kind of small gifts such as til-gud (jaggery), fruits, dry khichadi, etc. On such occasions the whole Sikh families of a particular place gather in …  According to the Almora Gazetteer, even in the early twentieth century, the annual Uttarayani mela at Bageshwar was visited by approximately 15,000 people and was the largest fair of Kumaon division. The belief among Buddhists is that Gautam Buddha pronounced his impending death on this day. 409. They call it Maghi. An important ritual is display of cows and bulls in colourful costumes in an open field. Forty followers of Guru Gobind Singh who had previously deserted him, fought bravely against overwhelming Mughal army forces and were martyred in Muktsar. The Goddess Lakshmi is usually worshipped on the day of Sankranti. It is cited as the 'holy phase of transition'. As per another legend, Lord Surya forgave his son Shani and his son visited him on Sankranti. It is the biggest festival of Tharu. Aurangzeb had beheaded Gobind Singh’s father, the previous Guru, 30 years earlier for refusing to convert to Islam. Many melas or fairs are held on Makar Sankranti the most famous being the Kumbha Mela, held every 12 years at one of four holy locations, namely Haridwar, Prayag (Prayagraj), Ujjain and Nashik. Makara Sankranti or Maghi, is a festival day in the Hindu calendar, dedicated to the deity Surya (sun). The Maghe Shakranti or Maghi Sankranti or Makar Sankranti is one of the festivals of Nepal celebrated on the first of Magh (10th month of Nepalese calendar). Loading... Bhai Dooj. On Maghi, Sikhs visit gurdwaras and listen to kirtan (hymns). Maghi represents the change of the season to warmer temperatures and increase in daylight. The Mughal Empire declined after Aurangzeb’s death. As Sakranti falls in the winter months of the region, wearing black adds to the body warmth. Kolam (கோலம்) decorations are made in front of the house during Thai Pongal festival. Festival culminates with singing and Naati (folk dance). The time thus signifies a period of socializing and families enjoying each other's company, taking care of the cattle, and celebrating around bonfires, in Maharashtra the festival is celebrated by flying kites. 259–260. In Eastern Orissa, on many occasions, two friends feed each other ‘Mahaprasad’, the offering made in the famous Jagannath temple of Puri, and continue the friendship for at least one year. Newly married women offer five sunghat or small clay pots with black beaded threads tied around them, to the deity. The festival celebrates the first month with consistently longer days.. On the day after Makara Sankranti, the animal kingdom is remembered and, in particular, cows. Gujarati people keenly await this festival to fly kites, called 'patang'. Maghe Sankranti is a major harvest festival celebrated in Madhesh and Tharuhat of Nepal. Maghe Sankranti is similar to solstice festivals in other religious traditions. The Hindu Sindhi community in western regions of India, that is also found in southeastern parts of Pakistan, celebrate Makar Sankranti as Tirmoori. Sankranti is the Sanskrit word which refers to the transmigration of the Sun from one Rashi (sign of the zodiac) to another. Shakrain is an annual celebration of winter in Bangladesh, observed with the flying of kites.. When people cut any kites they yell words like "kaypo chhe", "e lapet","jaay jaay","phirki vet phirki" and "lapet lapet" in Gujarati. It is known as Pedda Panduga in Andhra Pradesh, Makara Sankranti in Karnataka and Maharashtra, Pongal in Tamil Nadu, Magh Bihu in Assam, Magha Mela in parts of central and north India, as Makar Sankranti in the west, Maghara valaku in Kerala, and by other names. Here crow, come take this lentil ball & give me a gold pitcher (blessings)…, Here crow, come take this shield (made of kneaded flour) & give me a gold plate (blessings)…, Here crow, come take this sword (made of kneaded flour) & give me prosperity (blessings)…, There are numerous legends associated with the practice of offering sweetmeats to crows and other birds during Makar Sankranti.  And that's why people distribute everyone sweets and urge them to let go of any negative or angry feelings. Maghi – Festival of the 40 Immortals – Sikhism January 13 Over three hundred years ago the tenth and last (human) Guru of the Sikhs led his army in an historic battle against the Mughal Emperor. On this day the cattle are decorated with paint, flowers and bells. Henceforth Sikhism could be guided by eternal principles instead of dependent on a mortal leader. Tumuluru, Kamal Kumar (2015 hi me rpota), Rajat Gupta, Nishant Singh, Ishita Kirar & Mahesh Kumar Bairwa (2015) Hospitality & Tourism Management. Poush Mela is an annual fair and festival that takes place in Santiniketan, in Birbhum District of West Bengal. Maghi Festival – a cultural Integration. While distributing sweets famous line “til gul ghya aani god god bola” (which means eat this sesame and jaggery and speak sweet words) is used in Maharashtra. Various communities in Nepal celebrate it in various ways. This includes ritual purification by taking the holy dip in rivers, especially in Yamuna, or at sacred ponds such as ancient sarovars Kurukshetra and at local tirtha ponds associated with the ancestral guardian/founder deity of the village called Jathera or Dhok (dahak in Sanskrit or fire) in villages to wash away sins. The racist murderer claimed to have killed Sodhi because of his turban “in retaliation” for the attacks. Pratiksha Nagar- The Maghi Ganesh festival has begun with fervour and enjoyment. The importance of this day has been signified in the ancient epics like Mahabharata. The festival is one of the most important. Religious & Cultural, Festival of Harvest, welcome longer days, Kite flying, bonfires, fairs, surya puja in river, feast, arts, dance, socialization, Day 1 – Maghi (preceded by Lohri), Bhogi Panduga, Day 2 – Makar Sankranti, Pongal, Pedda Panduga, Uttarayana, Magh Bihu, Day 1 – Bhogi (Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra), Day 2 – Makara Sankranti, the main festival day, Day 3 – Kanuma (Andhra Pradesh and Telangana), Day 4 – Mukkanuma (Andhra Pradesh and Telangana). Rice ) all over the country as known as Kicheri in Uttar Pradesh and Telangana [., married women offer five sunghat or small clay pots with black beaded threads tied around,... Small gifts such as vadai, murukku, payasam and visit each and... Other metallic covers death on this day the cattle are decorated with flowers, colours small! At the battle of Muktsar all 40 warriors were killed, but outlived his nemesis, the moves. 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