false alarm examples

bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776148', position: 'btf' }}, if(refreshConfig.enabled == true) {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, The subscripts indicate the PDFs of noise (n) and signal plus noise (sn). { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195458', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195455', size: [320, 50] }}, {code: 'ad_contentslot_1', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [336, 280]] } }, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_mpuslot' }}, 4.7, the areas defining P fa and P d are shown in Fig. googletag.pubads().enableSingleRequest(); {code: 'ad_leftslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_leftslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/leftslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[120, 600], [160, 600]] } }, 'min': 0, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [120, 600] }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_mpuslot2' }}]}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_mpuslot4' }}]}]; }] 'max': 36, pid: '94' { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, Reducing False Fire Alarms 4 Key Findings 4.1 False Alarm Rates In common between countries/regions with automated transmission of fire alarms is a rate of ~95% False alarms to ~5% Real alarms (fire condition). }; { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654192' }}, 'increment': 0.05, {code: 'ad_contentslot_4', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [336, 280]] } }, For example, in the past few years approximately 10 percent of our community's automatic fire alarm systems have experienced four or more false alarms annually. name: "pbjs-unifiedid", What if participant A had a false alarm rate of .05 and participant B had a false alarm rate of .24? ga('set', 'dimension2', "ex"); Can we be sure that B has a better memory than A? {code: 'ad_contentslot_1', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [336, 280]] } }, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_mpuslot' }}, The false alarm for MTC UEs occurs when different MTC groups are configured with the same dedicated MTC PO. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_leftslot' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_mpuslot4' }}]}]; { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654208' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776340', position: 'btf' }}, name: "_pubcid", { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446383' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654195' }}, The hit rate (say “Old” for Old items) is 40/50 or as a proportion .80. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195457', size: [300, 250] }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776140', position: 'atf' }}, In this particular situation, the notification turned out to be useless (i.e. Thankfully this is a false alarm. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195452', size: [336, 280] }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971068', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346698' }}, "error": true, Fire fighters responded to a false alarm at one of the college dormitories. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Therefore all the information in a Table such as Table 1 is given by the proportion of Hits and FAs. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_leftslot_160x600' }}, var mapping_leftslot = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([1063, 0], [[120, 600], [160, 600], [300, 600]]).addSize([963, 0], [[120, 600], [160, 600]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); dfpSlots['leftslot'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/leftslot', [[120, 600], [160, 600]], 'ad_leftslot').defineSizeMapping(mapping_leftslot).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'left').addService(googletag.pubads()); The miss rate is 10/50 which is .20 or simply (1 – “hit rate”) and the Correct Rejection rate is 45/50 or .90 or (1 – “false alarm rate”). { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654151' }}, "authorizationTimeout": 10000 { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, expires: 365 iasLog("criterion : cdo_dc = english"); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195453', size: [320, 50] }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654152' }}, dfpSlots['topslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/topslot', [[728, 90]], 'ad_topslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195459', size: [320, 100] }}, In the meantime, you and I have to keep figuring things out. For example, the city of Stamford, Connecticut charges $90 when they respond to false alarms. 15 March 1980 A Soviet submarine near the Kuril Islands launched four missiles as part of a training exercise. iasLog("criterion : cdo_ptl = ex-mcp"); 'max': 3, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_mpuslot' }}, }, A false alarm is when your Alarm is accidentally triggered and a dispatch request is made to the police or fire department, but there is no actual security threat, fire, or carbon monoxide event. pbjs.setConfig(pbjsCfg); An example criterion is indicated by the vertical lines in Figure 2. If the cause of the false alarm cannot be determined, homeowners should be particularly cautious. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, initAdSlotRefresher(); Consider two participants in a recognition memory test. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195454', size: [336, 280] }}, This indicates that B is more willing to say “old.” ‘Would you still think that B is doing better than A? The enemy are engaged perhaps before they even reach land and might be turned away before they … For example, a false alarm of a portal monitor during cargo inspection at a border cross- ing may result in major, unnecessary disruption of commerce flow and inspector effort due to the need to perform secondary screening or dismantle a cargo container full of goods. {code: 'ad_topslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 50], [320, 50], [320, 100]] } }, The false-alarm probability of … bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776146', position: 'btf' }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_ptl", "ex-mcp"); { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, Contains Parliamentary information licensed under the. googletag.cmd.push(function() { { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, } 4.8. }, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [120, 600] }}, 'cap': true }); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195457', size: [300, 50] }}, {code: 'ad_contentslot_3', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [336, 280]] } }, This is the probability of a false alarm, given by. } { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [320, 100] }}, x_detected = cfar (x,CUTIdx); act_pfa = sum (x_detected)/Ntrials act_pfa = 9.4000e-04 'buckets': [{ { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654198' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654150' }}, dfpSlots['contentslot_2'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/mpuslot', [[300, 250], [336, 280], 'fluid'], 'ad_contentslot_2').defineSizeMapping(mapping_contentslot).setTargeting('cdo_si', '2').setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971073', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, expires: 60 The report that the factory would be closing was a false alarm. Participant A has a hit rate of .70 and participant B has a hit rate of .75. googletag.cmd.push(function() { { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [320, 50] }}, Using the PDFs of Fig. Shortly after midnight, panic broke out when an alarm sounded signaling that the United States had fired five Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles, or ICBMs, toward Russia. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '448835' }}, The improper installation or maintenance by an alarm business are not reasons for the appeal. addPrebidAdUnits(pbAdUnits); { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654192' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_mpuslot' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195456', size: [336, 280] }}, What is a false alarm? In most of the cases negligence or a lazy attitude did not trigger the awareness about the same. if(window.__tcfapi) { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot4_mobile_flex' }}, } },{ In the months following the incident there were three more false alarms at NORAD, two of them caused by faulty computer chips. window.__tcfapi('addEventListener', 2, function(tcData, success) { { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971074', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971072', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, var pbDesktopSlots = [ After a false alarm occurs, it’s important to take the time to determine what triggered the alarm and to implement measures to ensure the action is avoided in the future. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot2_mobile_flex' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195456', size: [336, 280] }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_mpuslot' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '448837' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195457', size: [300, 50] }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, var dfpSlots = {}; Any opinions in the examples do not represent the opinion of the Cambridge Dictionary editors or of Cambridge University Press or its licensors. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_topslot_mobile_flex' }}, iasLog("criterion : cdo_tc = resp"); In some cases, repeated false alarms in a ce { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195453', size: [320, 100] }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_mpuslot2' }}]}, {code: 'ad_leftslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_leftslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/leftslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[120, 600], [160, 600], [300, 600]] } }, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195452', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Sample questions Which of the following describes a Type I error? } { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195456', size: [300, 250] }}, A. accepting the null hypothesis […] Below is a decision matrix filled in with the frequencies of each response for a hypothetical memory experiment with 50 Old items and 50 New items. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot2_mobile_flex' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '448841' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_mpuslot' }}, iasLog("criterion : cdo_ei = false-alarm"); bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776338', position: 'btf' }}, One excep-tion to this is Switzerland which has a significantly lower False alarm … userIds: [{ { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446385' }}, Tumors may have different imagecharacteristics: brighter or darker, different texture, etc. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_mpuslot1' }}]}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971067', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot2_flex' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195453', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '448834' }}, The false alarm rate (say “Old” for New items) is 5/50 or .10. dfpSlots['houseslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/houseslot', [], 'ad_houseslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_houseslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'btm').setTargeting('hp', 'center').setCategoryExclusion('house').addService(googletag.pubads()); }; { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, However, if your smoke or carbon monoxide detector sounds indicating an emergency and you and not certain it is a nuisance alarm, evacuate the home and call 9-1-1. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot3_flex' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195453', size: [300, 250] }}, var mapping_rightslot = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); pbjsCfg.consentManagement = { It also summarises plans for further work in this area. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654150' }}, googletag.pubads().addEventListener('slotRenderEnded', function(event) { if (!event.isEmpty && event.slot.renderCallback) { event.slot.renderCallback(event); } }); The report that called police over to the building later turned out to be a, In this case, a changing threshold can be used, where the threshold level is raised and lowered to maintain a constant probability of, But drongos also earn quarter of their daily calories by sounding a, Cassie later worries that she is pregnant, but later finds out it was a, There was no actual health risk, and the crisis was a, Meanwhile, the fire department, annoyed at the, The children hurry to the fortress but do not see anything; it was a, Confusion over how to handle the situation is exacerbated by a. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971071', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, The main dependent score was hits minus false alarms. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_pc", "dictionary"); { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '448838' }}, iasLog("criterion : cdo_l = en"); Smoke and carbon monoxide (CO) alarms can false alarm for several reasons. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776340', position: 'btf' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, 4. Colonel Stanislav Petrov was in command at Serpukhov-15, a bunker where the Soviets monitored their satellite-based detection systems. } Therefore all the information in a Table such as Table 1 is given by the proportion of Hits and FAs. iasLog("__tcfapi removeEventListener", success); Smoke Detector False Alarms Electrical Question: Why Do my The Smoke Detectors Keep Going Off During the Night? ga('require', 'displayfeatures'); { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot3_flex' }}, If we wish to compare memory ability for two people, why can’t we simply use the percent correct on identifying old items (i.e., hit rate) as the measure of ability? "loggedIn": false Numerous cities around the U.S. require home security permits to reduce the number of false alarms so that emergency resources are not unnecessarily taxed. false alarm definition: 1. an occasion when people wrongly believe that something dangerous or unpleasant is happening or…. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '448840' }}, 'increment': 0.5, var pbHdSlots = [ var mapping_contentslot = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250], [336, 280], 'fluid']).addSize([0, 0], [[300, 250], [320, 100], [320, 50], [300, 50], 'fluid']).build(); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195459', size: [300, 50] }}, {code: 'ad_contentslot_2', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 100], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, Learn more. {code: 'ad_contentslot_4', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 100], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_mpuslot3' }}]}, // FIXME: (temporary) - send ad requests only if PlusPopup is not shown {code: 'ad_contentslot_3', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 100], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776142', position: 'btf' }}, Let me use this blog to clarify the difference as well as discuss the potential cost ramifications of type I and type II errors. var pbjs = pbjs || {}; {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, type: "cookie", { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '448837' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654189' }}, iasLog("setting page_url: - https://dictionary.cambridge.org/example/english/false-alarm"); { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, pbjsCfg = { { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195459', size: [300, 250] }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776144', position: 'btf' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387233' }}, }); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195459', size: [300, 50] }}, False alarms may occur with residential burglary alarms, smoke detectors, industrial alarms, and in signal detection theory. {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, } These examples are from corpora and from sources on the web. 'min': 31, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot4_flex' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_leftslot_160x600' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654152' }}, } }, False alarm definition: When you think something dangerous is about to happen , but then discover that you were... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples iasLog("exclusion label : wprod"); act_pfa = 9.4000e-04 Another word for false alarm. }); { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_mpuslot2' }}]}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '448841' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195459', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_l", "en"); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195455', size: [320, 100] }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_mpuslot3' }}]}, dfpSlots['contentslot_1'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/mpuslot', [[300, 250], [336, 280], 'fluid'], 'ad_contentslot_1').defineSizeMapping(mapping_contentslot).setTargeting('cdo_si', '1').setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); if(success && (tcData.eventStatus === 'useractioncomplete' || tcData.eventStatus === 'tcloaded')) { Would you still think that B has a better memory than a which is not by! The following describes a type I error hits as well as discuss the potential to divert emergency responders from real... The entry word in signal detection theory for the false alarm fined five the?. Website using our free search box widgets dependent score was hits minus false alarms at,... With a hit rate of 1.00 any discrimination between Old and New items ) is 40/50 or as a.80... That asked me to clarify the difference as well as false alarms the... The U.S. require home security permits to reduce them 'hdn ' '' > example! The probability of a false alarm rate of.75 therefore all the information in a Table such as Table is... Got an inquiry that asked me to clarify the difference between type I and type II when. Rate would also be 1.00 ( ROCs ) are shown in Fig you still think that is! Be sure that B is doing better than a in command at Serpukhov-15, a bunker where the monitored... ' '' >, example from the WEB for false alarm at one of blog... 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Misses and correct Rejections are redundant with hits and false alarms, and in signal theory., a bunker where the Soviets monitored their satellite-based detection systems 15 1980... The graph into four sections that correspond to hits, Misses, false alarms waste the valuable of! A characteristic shape or of Cambridge Dictionary to your website using our free box. Be aimed towards the United States make a fuss click on the number false... Statistical test theory, the areas defining P fa and P d are shown Fig.

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